Understanding PHP Script Tag and Data Types

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely-used open-source scripting language primarily used for web development. It can be embedded into HTML and is particularly suited for server-side scripting. In this article, we will delve into the basics of the PHP script tag and explore the various data types available in PHP.

PHP Script Tag

PHP code is executed on the server, and the result is sent to the client as plain HTML. To embed PHP code within an HTML file, we use PHP script tags. The basic syntax for a PHP script tag is as follows:


// PHP code goes here


Here is a simple example of how PHP can be embedded in HTML:

<!DOCTYPE html>



    <title>PHP Example</title>



    <h1>Welcome to my website</h1>


    echo "<p>This is a paragraph generated by PHP.</p>";




In this example, the PHP script generates a paragraph element. When the server processes this file, the PHP code is executed, and the resulting HTML is sent to the client's browser.

PHP Data Types

PHP supports several data types used to store different types of values. Understanding these data types is crucial for effective PHP programming.

1. String

    A string is a sequence of characters. It can be created using single quotes (`'`) or double quotes (`"`).

    $string1 = "Hello, World!";

    $string2 = 'Hello, World!';

2. Integer

    An integer is a non-decimal number between -2,147,483,648 and 2,147,483,647.

    $integer = 1234;

3. Float (Double)

    A float is a number with a decimal point or a number in exponential form.

    $float = 3.14;

4. Boolean

    A boolean represents two possible states: `true` or `false`.

    $boolTrue = true;

    $boolFalse = false;

5. Array

    An array is a collection of values. Each value in the array is associated with a key.

    $array = array("apple", "banana", "cherry");

6. Object

    An object is an instance of a class. It is a data type that stores both data and information on how to process that data.

    class Car {

        function Car() {

            $this->model = "VW";



    $herbie = new Car();


    NULL is a special data type representing a variable with no value.

    $var = NULL;

8. Resource

    A resource is a special variable that holds a reference to an external resource, such as a database connection.

    $handle = fopen("file.txt", "r");

Type Juggling

PHP is a loosely typed language, which means it automatically converts data from one type to another when necessary. This process is known as type juggling. For example, if you add a string to an integer, PHP will convert the string to an integer and then perform the addition.

$sum = "5" + 10; // The result is 15


Understanding the PHP script tag and data types is fundamental for anyone looking to develop dynamic and interactive web applications using PHP. The script tag allows PHP to be seamlessly integrated with HTML, and the various data types provide flexibility in handling different kinds of information. With a solid grasp of these basics, you can start exploring more advanced PHP features and build robust web applications.