Laravel - Prevent Browser back button after Logout


Preventing users from using the browser's back button after logging out in Laravel involves using a combination of HTTP headers and JavaScript. Here's how you can achieve this:

Step 1: Using HTTP Headers

After logging out, you can set specific HTTP headers to instruct the browser not to cache the logout page. This will help prevent the user from accessing sensitive information using the browser's back button.

In your logout method or route, add the following lines to set cache-related headers:

public function logout(Request $request)




    return redirect('/login')->withHeaders([

        'Cache-Control' => 'no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate',

        'Pragma' => 'no-cache',

        'Expires' => 'Sat, 01 Jan 2000 00:00:00 GMT',



Step 2: Using JavaScript

Even though setting HTTP headers helps, it's recommended to use JavaScript to enhance the user experience by disabling the browser's back button. This method works more consistently across various browsers.

Add the following JavaScript code within a `<script>` tag in your logout view or layout:


    history.pushState(null, null, location.href);

    window.onpopstate = function () {




This code uses the `pushState` method to replace the current history entry with a new one, effectively preventing the user from using the back button to return to the logout page. The `onpopstate` event handler is set to redirect the user forward if they attempt to use the back button.

By combining both the HTTP header approach and the JavaScript method, you can provide a more robust solution to prevent users from accessing sensitive pages after logging out. This approach helps improve the security and user experience of your Laravel application.